Related Reading and Resources

Low library
Columbia’s Non-Discrimination Policy

Columbia University is committed to providing a learning, living, and working environment free from unlawful discrimination and harassment and to fostering a nurturing and vibrant community founded upon the fundamental dignity and worth of all of its members.

columbia journalism review
Can the First Amendment Save Us?

Our ability to sustain the exceptionally robust freedoms that we have worked to build is more important than ever. - Columbia University President Lee C. Bollinger

the chronicle of higher education
Does Disruption Violate Free Speech?

It has long been recognized in constitutional law that the suppression of speech in order to appease disruptive, hostile, or threatening members of the audience can be as much a threat to rights of free expression as government censorship.

pen america
"And Campus for All": Diversity, Inclusion, and Free Speech at U.S. Universities

Case studies and the PEN America Principles offer a way to address some of the most polarizing campus unrest in decades over issues such as sexist speech, racial epithets, controversial campus speakers, trigger warnings, and so-called “safe spaces” and “microaggressions."

A Postscript from Awakening Our Democracy Panelist and Professor of Law Tanya Hernandez

Hate speech is undeserving of protection because the perpetrator’s intention is not to discover truth or initiate dialogue but solely to injure the victim.